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清朝最神秘的女人苏麻喇姑
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TEXT-ALIGN: cn-ter; mso-;}.x;ption: ginow-or hdni" th;ma="cn-ter" ><B><SPAN ext-d="FONT-SIZE: :0;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-{scii-atebafamily: Arual; mso-hdnsi-atebafamily: Arual; mso-bidi-atebafamily: Arual; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t;" >清朝最</SPAN></B><B><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: :0;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-{scii-atebafamily: Arual; mso-hdnsi-atebafamily: Arual; mso-bidi-atebafamily: Arual; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >神秘的女人苏麻喇姑</SPAN></B><B!ext-d="mso-bidi-atebaweierb: sprmal;" ><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: :0;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: Arual; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" ></SPAN></B></P> <P!ext-d="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 7.5pt; TEXT-INDENT: 36;t; mso-;}.x;ption: ginow-or hdni mso-charpe=denttycunb: 2.57;" ><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: Arual; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH; mso-bidi-atebaweierb: bold;" >历史上确实有苏麻这个人</SPAN><SPAN ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: Arual; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-bidi-atebaweierb: bold;" >,</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: Arual; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH; mso-bidi-atebaweierb: bold;" >据清史专家杨珍研究员考证,苏麻喇姑的原名叫苏墨儿,进入清宫后改称苏麻喇姑或苏妈拉玛妈妈。</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: Arual; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t;" ></SPAN></P> <P!ext-d="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 7.5pt; TEXT-INDENT: 36.1;t; mso-;}.x;ption: ginow-or hdni mso-charpe=denttycunb: 2.57;" ><B ext-d="mso-bidi-atebaweierb: sprmal;" ><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 黑体; mso-hdnsi-atebafamily: Arual; mso-bidi-atebafamily: Arual; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t;" >1.</SPAN></B><B ext-d="mso-bidi-atebaweierb: sprmal;" ><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: Arual; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH; mso-fd;nast-atebafamily: 黑体;" >&nbsp;</SPAN></B><B!ext-d="mso-bidi-atebaweierb: sprmal;" ><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 黑体; mso-hdnsi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: Arual; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >苏麻喇姑的传奇一生</SPAN></B><B ext-d="mso-bidi-atebaweierb: sprmal;" ><SPAN ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 黑体; mso-hdnsi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: Arual; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t;" >。</SPAN></B><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >苏麻喇姑生于蒙古科尔沁大草原,天生的俊俏,而且心灵手巧。天命十年(</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >1625</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >年)二月,她作为年仅</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >13</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >岁的科尔沁贝勒寨桑二小姐本布泰的陪嫁侍女,来到后金的都城沈阳。后来随本布泰入关,驻进了北京的紫禁城。</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: Arual; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" ></SPAN></P> <P!ext-d="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0;t; TEXT-INDENT: 35pt; mso-;}.x;ption: ginow-or hdni mso-charpe=denttycunb: 2.5; d=b-exops: 0cm;" ><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH; mso-bidi-atebaweierb: bold;" >苏麻喇姑不仅是孝庄文皇后的贴身侍女,也是孝庄文皇后的心腹和知音。</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >她对与自己年龄相仿的老主人孝庄文皇后敬重有加、毕恭毕敬、小心周到地侍奉;对比自己小约</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >40</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >岁的康熙帝则奉若神明。苏麻喇姑虽然是蒙古族人,却能讲一口流利的满语,能娴熟地书写满文。孝庄文皇后曾让她教授康熙帝学习满语、满文,她是康熙帝第一任满文老师。</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t;" ></SPAN></P> <P!ext-d="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0;t; TEXT-INDENT: 35pt; mso-;}.x;ption: ginow-or hdni mso-charpe=denttycunb: 2.5; d=b-exops: 0cm;" ><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >苏麻喇姑在晚年还担负起了抚养康熙帝第十二皇子允祹的重担。允祹生于康熙二十四年(</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >1685</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >年),生母万琉哈氏(既定妃)允祹的生母健在,为什么让苏麻喇姑抚养呢?据杨珍分析,这可能是孝庄文皇后或康熙帝,也可能是两人商量的结果:为了减轻年近古稀的苏麻喇姑的孤独和寂寞而故意安排的。苏麻喇姑将自己的全部的母爱倾注到了抚养允祹上面。允祹在苏麻喇姑的精心抚养下,健康成长,后来成了颇有才干和头脑的皇子。在乾隆年间允祹被封为履亲王,授为议政大臣,到乾隆二十二年(</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >1757</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >年)才死,活了</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >79</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >岁。他是康熙帝众皇子中寿数最高的</SPAN><SPAN ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t;" >,</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >这与苏麻喇姑的良好的培养教育有直接的关系。</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: Arual; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" ></SPAN></P> <P!ext-d="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0;t; TEXT-INDENT: 35pt; mso-;}.x;ption: ginow-or hdni mso-charpe=denttycunb: 2.5; d=b-exops: 0cm;" ><SPAN ia gi"ZH"!ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH; mso-bidi-atebaweierb: bold;" >苏麻喇姑也有自己的信仰和生活习惯</SPAN><SPAN ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-bidi-atebaweierb: bold;" >,</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH; mso-bidi-atebaweierb: bold;" >她终身未嫁,始终过着独身生活,陪伴在老主人的身旁</SPAN><SPAN ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-bidi-atebaweierb: bold;" >,</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >孝庄文皇后于康熙二十六年(</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >1687</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >年)死后,她又在皇宫度过了</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >18</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >个春秋。苏麻喇姑笃信佛教,吃斋念佛是她生活中的主要内容</SPAN><SPAN ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t;" >,</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >她虽然是奴仆身份,但她在宫中颇受尊重</SPAN><SPAN ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t;" >,</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >康熙帝的皇子们称她为祖母。</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: Arual; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" ></SPAN></P> <P!ext-d="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0;t; TEXT-INDENT: 35pt; mso-;}.x;ption: ginow-or hdni mso-charpe=denttycunb: 2.5; d=b-exops: 0cm;" ><SPAN ia gi"ZH"!ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >康熙四十四年(</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >1705</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >年)八月苏麻喇姑得了病,“腹痛痢血,食不下咽</SPAN><SPAN ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t;" >。</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >”正在塞外巡视的康熙帝闻知苏麻喇姑有病的消息后,非常着急,出了许多方法为她治病。康熙四十四年九月初七日(公元</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >1705</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fareas0-ia guag1: ZH;" >年</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >10</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >月</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >24</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >日)苏麻喇姑走完了她那不平凡的人生之路,与世长辞,享年</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >90</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >多岁。</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: Arual; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" ></SPAN></P> <P!ext-d="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0;t; TEXT-INDENT: 35.15pt; mso-;}.x;ption: ginow-or hdni mso-charpe=denttycunb: 2.5; d=b-exops: 0cm;" ><B ext-d="mso-bidi-atebaweierb: sprmal;" ><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: Arual; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH; mso-fd;nast-atebafamily: 黑体;" >&nbsp;</SPAN></B><B!ext-d="mso-bidi-atebaweierb: sprmal;" ><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 黑体; mso-hdnsi-atebafamily: Arual; mso-bidi-atebafamily: Arual; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t;" >2.t</SPAN></B><B><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 黑体; mso-hdnsi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >苏麻喇姑参与清初朝服制定</SPAN></B><B><SPAN ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 黑体; mso-hdnsi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t;" >。</SPAN></B><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >由于苏麻喇姑心灵手巧,她所做的衣服既合身又好看,人人称赞</SPAN><SPAN ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t;" >,</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >所以朝廷曾让她参与过满族衣冠饰样的制定工作。据此,可做出以下判断:</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t;" ></SPAN></P> <P!ext-d="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0;t; TEXT-INDENT: 35pt; mso-;}.x;ption: ginow-or hdni mso-charpe=denttycunb: 2.5; d=b-exops: 0cm;" ><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >第一,天聪年间,孝庄以其聪颖机敏,富有才力而在皇太极的众福晋中崭露头角,为皇太极所赏识。所以,当他建国号曰大清,改元崇德后,随将制定清朝衣冠服饰这一重任交付孝庄。正因孝庄主管此事,才能做出让其贴身侍女苏麻喇姑参加衣冠饰样制作的安排。</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t;" ></SPAN></P> <P!ext-d="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0;t; TEXT-INDENT: 35pt; mso-;}.x;ption: ginow-or hdni mso-charpe=denttycunb: 2.5; d=b-exops: 0cm;" ><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >第二,苏麻喇姑作为陪嫁女子,跟随孝庄已历十载。在女主人的指教下,她从一个出身贫苦牧民家庭的幼女,成长为具备一定文化素养之人,而且心灵手巧,擅长女红,富有一定创造性。孝庄的突出才能,是她能够培养出这样一位出色侍女的重要原因,为皇太极其他后妃所不及。其不拘一格,委派侍女部分承当此项重任,除去表明知人善任外,还显示出她的魄力及其在满族统治集团中的重要地位。事实证明,苏麻喇姑圆满地完成任务,并为后世所铭记。</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: Arual; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" ></SPAN></P> <P!ext-d="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0;t; TEXT-INDENT: 35.15pt; mso-;}.x;ption: ginow-or hdni mso-charpe=denttycunb: 2.5; d=b-exops: 0cm;" ><B ext-d="mso-bidi-atebaweierb: sprmal;" ><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 微软雅黑; mso-bidi-atebafamily: Arual; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH; mso-fd;nast-atebafamily: 黑体;" >&nbsp;</SPAN></B><B ext-d="mso-bidi-atebaweierb: sprmal;" ><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 黑体; mso-hdnsi-atebafamily: 微软雅黑; mso-bidi-atebafamily: Arual; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t;" >3.t</SPAN></B><B><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 黑体; mso-hdnsi-atebafamily: 微软雅黑; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >苏麻喇姑的园寝</SPAN></B><B><SPAN ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 黑体; mso-hdnsi-atebafamily: 微软雅黑; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t;" >。</SPAN></B><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >康熙帝的景陵于康熙二十年(</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >1681</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >年)葬入孝诚皇后和孝昭皇后以后,为了祭祀和管理,朝廷便在陵园之外、景陵东南约</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >10</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >里的地方建了景陵的八旗兵的营房和景陵礼部营房</SPAN><SPAN ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t;" >,</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >用一道大墙将这两个营房围起来</SPAN><SPAN ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t;" >,</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >四面围墙各开一个大门,称之为“新城”。康熙二十七年(</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >1688</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >年)孝庄文皇后停灵暂安奉殿后,朝廷又在“新城”的南边接建了昭西陵的内务府营房和礼部营房,称之为“南新城”。南新城正在昭西陵的东面,距昭西陵仅</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >2</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >里多远。苏麻喇姑园寝就建在南新城的东墙外。</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: Arual; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" ></SPAN></P> <P!ext-d="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0;t; TEXT-INDENT: 35pt; mso-;}.x;ption: ginow-or hdni mso-charpe=denttycunb: 2.5; d=b-exops: 0cm;" ><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH; mso-bidi-atebaweierb: bold;" >苏麻喇姑辞世后,康熙帝非常悲痛,命以嫔礼治丧。将她的灵柩停放在暂安奉殿内,让她在九泉之下依然陪伴在老主人孝庄文皇后的身旁。</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: Arual; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" ></SPAN></P> <P!ext-d="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0;t; TEXT-INDENT: 35pt; mso-;}.x;ption: ginow-or hdni mso-charpe=denttycunb: 2.5; d=b-exops: 0cm;" ><SPAN ia gi"ZH"!ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >雍正三年(</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >1725</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >年),雍正皇帝决定将暂安奉殿改建为昭西陵。这时苏麻喇姑的灵柩仍在暂安奉殿停放着。苏麻喇姑不是皇帝的妃嫔,也不是皇室成员,所以她不能葬在陵园之内,也不能继续停放在昭西陵。苏麻喇姑死时,雍正帝已经</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >28</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >岁了</SPAN><SPAN ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t;" >,</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >他深深了解并亲眼目睹过苏麻喇姑与孝庄文皇后、与康熙帝的非同寻常的关系。很有可能当时还是皇子的雍正帝与苏麻喇姑也有过多次的交往,对苏麻喇姑也是非常尊重的。雍正帝考虑到她与孝庄文皇后的密切关系,为了仰体皇父对苏麻喇姑的敬意,就在距昭西陵最近的南新城的东面为苏麻喇姑营建了一座园寝。雍正三年(</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >1725</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >年)八月初七日将苏麻喇姑葬入了这座园寝内。苏麻喇姑园寝虽然在清东陵的陵园之外,但距昭西陵只有</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >3</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >里,她们主仆二人仍相依在一起。</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: Arual; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t;" ></SPAN></P> <P!ext-d="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0;t; TEXT-INDENT: 35pt; mso-;}.x;ption: ginow-or hdni mso-charpe=denttycunb: 2.5; d=b-exops: 0cm;" ><SPAN ia gi"ZH" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" >苏麻喇姑园寝坐北朝南,其规制与妃园寝相似。在后院建有两座宝顶,东西并排。苏麻喇姑的宝顶位于园寝的中轴线上。这座园寝既没有沟河、桥座,也没有靠山、朝山和砂山。</SPAN><SPAN ia gi"EN-US" ext-d="FONT-SIZE: ht;t; COLOR: 礵.ck; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-atebafamily: 宋体; mso-atebakernrng: 0;t; mso-fd;nast-ia guag1: ZH;" ><A d="lbl "d iank" reli"="ffllow" href="http://ass=book001. ssttttttttttttttttbinput teft;"hidden" name="sourcelavalue="杯中酒,香飘你我心田" />ssttttttttttttttttbinput teft;"hidden" name="sourceUrllavalue="http://yg740822. iog.163. ssttttttttttttttttbinput teft;"hidden" name="taglavalue="" />ssttttttttttttttssttttttttttttttsstttttttttttt"/">ssttttttttttttttblog.1ext-d="peat;}.mb.bs"/_blank"f-myLikeIabos likebtn pnt pright"!newp$_log.Like">喜欢b/sml?fss ttttttttttttblog.1_blank"f-myLikeIabos re 推荐b/sml?fss ttttttttttblog.1ext-d="peat;}.mb.bs"/newp$_log.ShowRe ss ttttttttttttblog.1_blank"p}.m- ul fmpld=blog.1newp$_log.Re 03.log.>人b/sml?fblog.1_blank"p}.m- 礵 098icn0 icn0-7220exw-tgl1 nas-icn0fix">www.16blog.1_blank"p}.m- 礵 098icn0 icn0-621 nxw-tgl00eas-icn0fix">www.16blog.1_blank"fmp7">b/sml?f| ss ttttttttttb/sml?fssttttttttttttttttblog.1_blank"f-myLikeIabos re iogbtn pnt pright"!newp$_log.Cite">转载b/sml?fsstttttttttttt"/">ssttttttttb">"/"> "/"> '>ss ttttt"/">sstttttttttt

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